What is a literature review?
A literature review is a survey of everything that has been written about a particular topic, theory, or research question. It may provide the background for larger work, or it may stand on its own.
Much more than a simple list of sources, an effective literature review analyzes and synthesizes information about key themes or issues.
This short note provides step-by-step guidelines to write a review article or a book chapter. I explain in particular a convenient method to build the abstract by writing short conclusions at the end of article sections. I also give general writing advices.
In the scientific literature, review articles, or book chapters, are a category of scientific papers, which provide a synthesis of research on a topic. Review articles are secondary sources analyzing several original articles, which are primary sources reporting original results.